From this point on, do not eject the CD-ROM for any reason. During the reboot, the computer should recognize the new drive, and when you log back in as root, the CD-ROM should appear in the root directory ("/") after a minute or so. Now launch the Upgrade3.0.app. The computer will take about 15 minutes reading the contents of your current start-up disk and the CD-ROM.
You will now have two choices: Edit Plan or Upgrade. If you go ahead and click Upgrade, you will lose one item from the 2.x standard release (/usr/bin/jot) and several items from 2.x Extended (many demos and several examples, all in /NextDeveloper; TranScript configuration databases; and several DSP utilities in /usr/ bin/dsp*). If you wish to save these files or are just curious, click Edit Plan. You can now select All Files from the pop-up list and see, on a file-by-file basis, what will be upgraded and what will be lost. You only need to worry about the files with dashes in front of their names Ð all of your other files will be copied into the directory /UpdatedFiles.
Once you're satisfied, make sure all other apps have been shut down and click Upgrade. The process will now take two to three hours for a full upgrade. Do not disturb Upgrade3.0.app while it is running.
Another pair of handy tips for graphics in both DataPhile and Create: Pressing a Command key while dragging will override any grid constraints you may have set, and pressing an Alternate key while dragging a control handle ensures that the graphic scales with the original proportions.
Incrementing records. To create a field that increments every time you add a new record to the database, just create a text field that has a "+" (plus sign) at the end of its default text. Simply enter the Design Mode, select the field you want to automatically increment, click the Options button, and type your default text. Every new record you create will have successive values of this serial pattern.
Rewriting the date. Not satisfied with the "Thu Jul 02 1992" provided by Insert Date? If you would prefer a "Thursday, July 02, 1992" format, type the following into a Terminal window: dwrite GLOBAL NXDate "%A, %B %d, %Y"
Controlling word spacing. When you force text to be justified, WordPerfect adds or subtracts small spaces between words to even up the ends of lines. If you notice that words are getting jammed too close together, or that you could drive a truck between your prepositional phrases, it's time to get out the Align Options panel from the Align menu. If spacing is too tight, raise Compression from its default of 60 percent to 100 percent; now WordPerfect won't try to move your words any closer together than normal. Similarly, slash Expand from 400 percent (four spaces) to about 130 percent.
Rohit Khare is a 17-year-old sophomore in computer science at the California Institute of Technology.